Gears are a large number of key basic components, almost used in all areas of the national economy. The gear industry is a technology-intensive, capital-intensive industry in the machinery industry. At present, the gear industry has become China's largest mechanical machinery in the largest industry. Last year, the output value of the national gear industry in 230 billion yuan, ranking first in the world. Over the past 30 years, China's gear industry has undergone rapid development, the average growth rate of 18%; and the past three years the industry output value in the wandering stage, the deficit is still expanding. It should be said that the past three years is also the gear industry hard skills, real to promote technological innovation, transformation and upgrading of the period. Long-term troubled industry development of key technology on a comprehensive breakthrough, improve product quality, national economic transformation and upgrading to provide the opportunity, China's gear industry ushered in a new stage of development.
30 years to shape a strong industry
Over the past 30 years, China's gear industry has developed three growth peaks, commonly known as three growth pole.
25 years ago, the development of motorcycle gear so that the output value of China's gear industry from tens of millions of dollars into more than 200 billion yuan; 16 years ago, China's accession to the WTO as a turning point, the development of automobile gear industry gear industry output value from Tens of billions of dollars jumped to about 130 billion yuan, which is the second pole of the gear industry development. 10 years ago, the development of wind power and construction machinery gears brought the third pole growth to the gear industry, bringing the gear industry output value by nearly 200 billion yuan. Over the past five years, China's gear industry has entered a relatively stable development period, in 2015 the industry output there is a small callback.
At present, nearly a thousand national gear enterprises, more than 300 backbone gear enterprises, more than 150 million enterprises. A group of enterprises in the annual sales have more than 2 billion yuan, two had 10 billion yuan. Several large state-owned enterprises are the backbone of the gear industry, private enterprises have become the main market.
Now, China has become a gear manufacturing power, China's gear enterprises have been fully integrated into the world supporting system. More importantly, China's gear industry has formed the world's most complete industrial system, can be said to cover the entire field of gear products. In terms of products, the Chinese gear products have been historically achieved from the low end to the end of the change, there have been some high-end products.
Transmission and other industries is a breakthrough in the localization
In recent years the gear industry are asking a question, where is the direction of development of the industry? Where is our growth point? The author believes that the development of the fourth pole is a multifaceted synthesis: domestic automatic transmission, the robot demand-based precision Reducer and high-speed train gear box of the full industrialization.
Auto automatic transmission has always been a "pain" of our gear industry. Over the past 20 years, the whole industry has invested a lot of material, financial and human resources to carry out research and development, but the progress of industrialization has been unsatisfactory. The gear industry trade deficit comes from a large number of automatic transmission imports, according to customs statistics reached 2015 more than 16 billion US dollars. It is exciting that, after long-term efforts, the industrialization of automatic transmission has entered a substantive stage, is about to usher in a development climax. China in the AT, AMT, CVT, DCT and hybrid hybrid and other aspects of independent innovation, especially in the field of AT and CVT original innovation. I estimate that in the next few years, when the domestic automatic transmission to reach 500 million units, the domestic transmission industry composition will undergo a radical change.
At present, precision reducer is mainly used in industrial robots, CNC machine tools and automation equipment. The next few years, China's industrial robot industry will be in a high-speed development period, which for high-precision, high-performance joint gear reducer provides a broad market prospects. Unfortunately, China's robot precision reducer long-term dependence on imports; gratifying that this situation is about to change. Through the industry-wide "tracking research" and "independent innovation", as well as the strong support of the government, many types of robots with RV and harmonic reducer industrialization is real in the next three years will form 1 million units Production capacity, will support China's robot and intelligent equipment industry development.
China's high-speed rail train is made in China, a "gold business card." However, behind the rise of China's high-end equipment, is the core components behind the constraints. Gearbox is the core component of high-speed train power transmission, its work performance directly determines the reliability and safety of high-speed rail train operation. The world's high-speed rail gear box was completely monopolized by companies such as Germany and Japan. Compared with foreign high-speed rail, China's high-speed rail because of its vast expanse of its north-south temperature difference, long span, high speed, long running and other complex and changeable conditions, the reliability of gearbox and other properties put forward more stringent requirements. In order to solve the difficult problem of gearbox for the development of high-speed rail, China's related enterprises have solved the problems such as temperature rise, vibration, light weight and reliability of high-speed rail gear with the support of the state. The integrated design method, Out of the products with independent knowledge, instead of foreign products, has achieved industrialization.
Independent innovation has become the main theme of the gear industry
Gear industry into the fourth pole development, independent innovation has become the main theme. I examined a moment, the first three times the growth of China's gear industry mainly due to the introduction, digestion, innovation. The fourth pole of the development of the gear industry to re-shuffle provides an opportunity, the new leading enterprises will come to the fore, some of the enterprises will eat the loss of development opportunities, and even will withdraw from the market.
It should be said that the current gear industry for the fourth pole of the growth, the domestic related equipment industry can not meet this demand, and gear-related industries should seize the gear industry this opportunity to develop their own, and in turn promote the gear industry Quadruple more rapid development. These bases include talent base, technical foundation, management foundation and supporting base of industrial chain. The future output value will exceed 300 billion, and ultimately will achieve China from the gear manufacturing power to become a gear manufacturing power change.